anti-semitism – (en)

What follows is an extract of the book “Anti-Semitism, It’s History and Causes” by Bernard Lazare, a Jewish French literary critic, scholar, political journalist, anarchist, Zionist and polemicist.
To make the history of antisemitism complete, omitting none of the manifestations of this sentiment and following its diverse phases and modifications, it is necessary to go into the history of Israel since its dispersion, or, more properly speaking, since the beginning of its expansion beyond the boundaries of Palestine.
Wherever the Jews settled after ceasing to be a nation ready to defend its liberty and independence, one observes the development of antisemitism, or rather anti-Judaism; for antisemitism is an ill chosen word, which has its raison d’être only in our day, when it is sought to broaden this strife between the Jew and the Christians by supplying it with a philosophy and a metaphysical, rather than a material reason. If this hostility, this repugnance had been shown towards the Jews at one time or in one country only, it would be easy to account for the local causes of this sentiment. But this race has been the object of hatred with all the nations amidst whom it ever settled.
Inasmuch as the enemies of the Jews belonged to divers races, as they dwelled far apart from one another, were ruled by different laws and governed by opposite principles; as they had not the same customs and differed in spirit from one another, so that they could not possibly judge alike of any subject, it must needs be that the general causes of antisemitism have always resided in Israel itself, and not in those who antagonized it.
This does not mean that justice was always on the side of Israel’s persecutors, or that they did not indulge in all the extremes born of hatred; it is merely asserted that the Jews were themselves, in part, at least, the cause of their own ills.
Considering the unanimity of antisemitic manifestations, it can hardly be admitted, as had too willingly been done, that they were merely due to a religious war, and one must not view the strife against the Jews as a struggle of polytheism against monotheism, or that of the Trinity against Jehovah. The polytheistic, as well as the Christian nations combated not the doctrine of one sole God, but the Jew.
Which virtues or which vices have earned for the Jew this universal enmity? Why was he ill-treated and hated alike and in turn by the Alexandrians and the Romans, by the Persians and the Arabs, by the Turks and the Christian nations? Because, everywhere up to our own days the Jew was an unsociable being.
ANTI-SEMITISM_0 -Dugutigui
As a Jewish intellectual, Bernard Lazare, in his book ‘Anti-Semitism, its Causes and History’, makes the rare attempt, to analyze and evaluate racism and hatred directed against Jews, from an impartial, and neutral world lens. Like a true, and uncommon scholar, Bernard Lazare emotionally separates himself as a Jew, from this highly contentious, emotional, and dogmatic topic known as Anti-Semitism. Bernard Lazare in the search for truth, and attempting with an unbiased approach to study, understand and explain some of the real and actual causes of anti-Semitism, not the reactionary and emotional reasons, often underlying the causes of anti-Semitism, and anti-Judaism throughout the centuries. As a result of this impartial inquiry, Bernard Lazare comes to some controversial conclusions, which cause discomfort for the organized Jewish community and Jewish activists, contradicting the widely perpetuated stereotype of Jews as eternally persecuted and guiltless victims.
The predominant Jewish position and view within the historical body of Jewish authored literature, is that anti-Semitism and anti-Semitic behavior stems primarily from an inexplicable blind hatred, primitive xenophobia and irrational malicious behavior from non-Jews, whereas Bernard Lazare attempts to approach the subject with a more balanced, and unbiased historiography, one that is almost entirely non-existent or rare amongst Jews, which is that Jewish people individually and collectively may be partially to blame for the anti-Semitism and racism directed against them historically.
As a result of Bernard’s conclusions, many non-Jews consider him to be a rare Jew, willing to tell it like it is, because he is opening up a taboo and dogmatic subject, to debate and dialogue, whereas many Jews have dismissed him an Anti-Semite self-hating Jew, going against the grain of Jewish authors.
On the other end of the extreme, completely opposite from the predominant Jewish position that anti-Semitism is rooted in blind irrational hatred and baseless selfishness of non-Jews, some have misused the book as a tool of proof and evidence, to make the claim, and take the position, that Jews, despite their generally high intelligence and positive contributions they have made to society throughout the ages, are ultimately more dangerous and treacherous than they are worth. Moreover, anti-Semites perceive Jews as a self-aware parasitic or virus-like people, maniacally egotistical, neurotic, dysfunctional, self-deceiving, myopic, close minded and abnormally narcissistic, that have always and will always, be a great misfortune, to the nations and world societies they inhabit outside of Israel. Lastly, that Jews are unable to self-reflect and self-evaluate their own parasitically destructive behavior and evaluate how their dysfunctional behavior, negatively affects and impacts non-Jewish people of the world. Many people believe that Jewish behavior is actually the only real source, cause, reason and instigation of anti-Semitism historically – an unfair position in its black and white judgment.
‘Anti-Semitism, its History and Causes’, takes the more balanced and fair position of these two extremes and is well worth the read and study. This rare and insightful book is excellent reading, download the full PDF and decide for yourself.
Anti-Semitism, It’s History and Causes – By Bernard Lazare (15 June 1865 – September 1903)
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Acerca de Dugutigui

In the “Diula” language in Mali, the term « dugutigui » (chief of the village), literally translated, means: «owner of the village»; «dugu» means village and «tigui», owner. Probably the term is the result of the contraction of «dugu kuntigui» (literally: chief of the village).
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18 respuestas a anti-semitism – (en)

  1. Interesting post. Thanks for this. Does Bernard tackle the Holocaust

    • Dugutigui dijo:

      There is a good reason Bernard didn’t engage on Holocaust … he got six feet under on 1903.
      In any case, according to my opinion, his conclusions are still perfectly in force today.

      • Thankfully I have the capacity to laugh at my own embarrassing errors. My interest in this post is due to my thoughts on narcissism as it applies to the social level. I trust that you’re familiar with the term “feminazi.” My work suggests a common basis to extremist ideologies, which would include both ideological (i.e., radical) feminism and National Socialism.

        There are logical implications in terms of causal mechanisms for the Holocaust, and hence my interest.

        Thanks for not laughing too hard.

      • Dugutigui dijo:

        Nothing to laugh about. At least too hard 🙂
        I posted in the past about feminism
        It wasn’t [as far as I remember] a brilliant discourse, but contained some ideas whose time hasn’t come yet 🙂
        Besides another thing I dislike of feminism [and governments] is they want to control your language, tell you what you can say and what you can’t say, as a way to control thought. Maybe some of this patriarcho shit ought to go away. I think spokesman ought to be spokesperson. I think mankind ought to be human kind, but they take it too far, they take themselves too seriously, they exaggerate. They want me to call that thing in the street a personhole cover. I think that’s taking it a little bit too far. What would you call a lady’s man, a person’s person? Little kids would be afraid of the boogieperson?
        And I repressed myself in that post [such a nice man biting his tongue…] so I didn’t want to get their full attention running into NOW headquarters or Ms. Magazine and say “hey, which one of you cute little cupcakes wants to come home and cook me a nice meal and give me a blowjob!” 🙂 🙂 Hope you’re laughing now!!
        Regarding National Socialism, I’m of the opinion that man and fascism cannot co-exist. Only man-like creatures that have undergone an internal transformation could stand it. Said that, and of course I am not an advocate of National Socialism, the fundamental metaphor of National Socialism as it related to the world around it was the garden, not the wild forest. One of the most important Nazi ideologists, R.W. Darré, made clear the relationship between gardening and genocide: “He who leaves the plants in a garden to themselves will soon find to his surprise that the garden is overgrown by weeds and that even the basic character of the plants has changed. If therefore the garden is to remain the breeding ground for the plants, if, in other words, it is to lift itself above the harsh rule of natural forces, then the forming will of a gardener is necessary, a gardener who, by providing suitable conditions for growing, or by keeping harmful influences away, or by both together, carefully tends what needs tending and ruthlessly eliminates the weeds which would deprive the better plants of nutrition, air, light, and sun. . . . Thus we are facing the realization that questions of breeding are not trivial for political thought, but that they have to be at the center of all considerations, and that their answers must follow from the spiritual, from the ideological attitude of a people. We must even assert that a people can only reach spiritual and moral equilibrium if a well-conceived breeding plan stands at the very center of its culture.
        Above is just for argument’s sake, in the sense the most effective way to destroy people is to deny and obliterate their own understanding of the history. The “history” isn’t there to tell you what happened. It’s there to tell you what it wants you to hear or what it thinks you want to hear…
        Thanks for the comment!

  2. El Guapo dijo:

    General purpose (3): “I have nothing new to add, but I read every $#$%$# word of this post and comments, so I want you to know I was here.”

  3. Mélanie dijo:

    VERY delicate, vast, sensible and subjective topic, amigo… have you heard lately of “l’affaire Dieudonné” in France?!… unfortunately, human nature has not changed for over 2000 years and has always needed scapegoats for all various failures…
    * * *
    have a serene weekend and enjoy real life! 🙂 con amistad, Mélanita

    • Dugutigui dijo:

      I think the Dieudo affair looms as the last echelon in a dangerous smokescreen chain. Most of his insulting sketches are old, but now there is a government in France that is not willing to consent them. Maybe, because its obsession to secure the support from its bases in face the upcoming elections, and to vilify their biggest rivals in the polls —not the UMP but the FN, the socialist government has gotten into a spiral of partisan polemics and gifts for the gallery where gay marriage, criminalizing clients of prostitutes or expulsion of the Kosovo (poor) student Leonarda, egged vaudeville scenes aimed to make to forget the average French about unemployment, growing insecurity and the pimping of the country by stock markets and Europe in general. Yes I hear one thing or two about “l’affaire Dieudonné” and from time to time I visit his website:

      All the best for you too!!!

  4. mooonalila dijo:

    I don’t feel self confident enough to comment, but know that I read (and like) your articles ! 😉

  5. He’s pretty brave, the guy who wrote the book. I’m glad he IS a jew – it’d be hard to write if you weren’t. I have no feelings about Jews one way or another, as in Australia Jewishness is a non-issue (we’re more racist about Afghans). I guess if pressed I’d attribute centuries of hatred to historical issues like Jews being forced to work in unpopular professions (money lending), societal need for scapegoats, and their tendency to stick together rather than integrating. There are times and places where Jews just blend in, too, and people didn’t hate them (eg in Palestine before they were allocated Israel). I think the Jewish religion is idiotic but I’d say the same about just about any religion really.

    • Dugutigui dijo:

      You are right, he’s a Jew, of Sephardi origin, but he was also Zionist [with an anarchist tinge]. In fact the Zionist ideology is opposed by religious Orthodox Jews, and vice versa. Something similar with synonyms: Hebrews, Israelites & Jews. Today, Israel refers to a nation, whose culture is Jewish and its language Hebrew. Yet in biblical times, the Hebrews were a people, Israel refers to a religious group and Jews were treated as a race. A bit confusing!
      Anyhow. Bernard Lazare defended publicly defended Alfred Dreyfus, and this led to his participation in the defense of the oppressed Jews elsewhere. After meeting with the founder of modern Zionism Theodore Herzl founded the Zionist magazine Le Flambeau. But he never denied his anarchists class struggle and beliefs, and as a result he finally broke with the Zionists.
      I think this particular book is a reply to somehow confused antisemitism and to its mirror image in the fantasies entertained by many Jews on their own history. Lazare died in 1903, before he could assess the development of Zionism, of which he was both one of the builders and one of the first critics.
      Regarding religions I could not agree more with you!
      Thanks for commenting!

  6. ane dijo:

    atrocities committed against the Jews was because they knew to read, write and especially mathematics!!! 🙂

    • Dugutigui dijo:

      I have no feelings about Jews. This post just tries to shed some light on confused antisemitism and to its mirror image in the fantasies entertained by many Jews on their own history. 10Q for commenting!

  7. frankiekay dijo:

    Jews are the best story tellers in creation…but let me make no more comment until I’ve read his (story) book…


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