beautiful founts of knowledge – (photos) – (en/es)

The first libraries were composed for the most part, of published records, a particular type of library called archives. Archaeological findings from the ancient city-states of Sumer have revealed temple rooms full of clay tablets in cuneiform script. These archives were made up almost completely of the records of commercial transactions or inventories, with only a few documents touching theological matters, historical records or legends. Things were much the same in the government and temple records on papyrus of Ancient Egypt.
The earliest discovered private archives were kept at Ugarit; besides correspondence and inventories, texts of myths may have been standardized practice-texts for teaching new scribes. There is also evidence of libraries at Nippur about 1900 B.C. and those at Nineveh about 700 B.C. showing a library classification system.
Over 30,000 clay tablets from the Library of Ashurbanipal have been discovered at Nineveh, providing archaeologists with an amazing wealth of Mesopotamian literary, religious and administrative work. Among the findings were the Enuma Elish, also known as the Epic of Creation, which depicts a traditional Babylonian view of creation, the Epic of Gilgamesh, a large selection of “omen texts” including Enuma Anu Enlil which “contained omens dealing with the moon, its visibility, eclipses, and conjunction with planets and fixed stars, the sun, its corona, spots, and eclipses, the weather, namely lightning, thunder, and clouds, and the planets and their visibility, appearance, and stations”, and astronomic/astrological texts, as well as standard lists used by scribes and scholars such as word lists, bilingual vocabularies, lists of signs and synonyms, and lists of medical diagnoses.
Las primeras bibliotecas estaban compuestas, en su mayor parte, de los registros publicados, constituyendo un tipo particular de biblioteca llamada archivos. Los descubrimientos arqueológicos en la antigua ciudad-estado de Sumeria han sacado a la luz habitaciones del templo llenas de tablillas de arcilla con caracteres cuneiformes. Estos archivos estaban formados, casi en su totalidad por registros de transacciones comerciales o inventarios, con sólo unos pocos documentos que tocaban asuntos teológicos, temas históricos o leyendas. En el Antiguo Egipto, los hallazgos han sido muy similares, encontrándose principalmente los registros del gobierno y el templo, escritos en papiro.
Los archivos privados más antiguos que se conocen se mantuvieron en Ugarit y en ellos, además de la correspondencia y los inventarios, aparecen escritos sobre mitos que pueden haber sido empleados como textos de práctica para la enseñanza de los nuevos escribas. También hay pruebas de la existencia de bibliotecas en Nippur alrededor de 1900 a. C. y en Nínive, cerca de 700 a. C. que muestran un sistema de clasificación propio de biblioteca.
Más de 30.000 tablillas de arcilla, de la biblioteca de Asurbanipal, se han descubierto en Nínive, proporcionando a los arqueólogos una variedad de datos de riqueza increíble, acerca de los trabajos literarios, religiosos y administrativos en Mesopotamia. Entre estos hallazgos encontramos el “Enuma Elish”, también conocido como la “Epopeya de la Creación”, que representa el tradicional punto de vista babilónico de la creación; la Epopeya de Gilgamesh, una gran selección de textos “augurio”, incluyendo Enuma Anu Enlil, que “contiene presagios relacionados con la luna , su visibilidad, los eclipses, y su conjunción con los planetas y las estrellas fijas, el sol, su corona, manchas, y los eclipses, el clima, especialmente en lo que se refiere  a los rayos, truenos y nubes, y los planetas y su apariencia, visibilidad y las estaciones “, y los textos astronómicos / astrológicos, así como listas estándar utilizadas por los escribas y los eruditos, como listas de palabras, vocabularios bilingües, las listas de los signos y sus sinónimos, y listados de diagnósticos médicos.
Beautiful Founts of Knowledge – Dugutigui

About Dugutigui

In the “Diula” language in Mali, the term « dugutigui » (chief of the village), literally translated, means: «owner of the village»; «dugu» means village and «tigui», owner. Probably the term is the result of the contraction of «dugu kuntigui» (literally: chief of the village).
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10 Responses to beautiful founts of knowledge – (photos) – (en/es)

  1. Coco Rivers says:

    What a lovely idea for a post! I am a proud librophiliac lol. My favorites are the State Library in Austria, the George Peaboidy Library and the Libreria Lello in Portugal. The architectural details are sublime in addition to the vast stores of knowledge and history that we have amassed.

    I want to visit the oldest and largest library in the world. You may find these of interest.
    Largest: See

    • Dugutigui says:

      The idea is not original, shame of me, but I though it was worth give it a try. Here in Spain, we call “librophiliacs” , “library ‘s mice” which to my way of thinking is a term used to diminish and marginalize people that love libraries, which is giving a clue among many others about the current situation in this failed country.
      Few people here use the proper term: “Bibliófilo”

      Thanks for the comment and for the links, they are pretty good.

  2. joyannaadams says:

    Wow…a post dear to my heart. I like my ancestor’s library…the Adams’s library, in John’s home in Braintree. We have some really nice one’s in the country, but nothing like the pictures you posted here. BUT…in my library, I’ve got huge statues of Egyptian men and women, and KING TUT, and various Egyptian artifacts among my books…in honor of the burning of Alexandria…I have WAY too many books for my house. I am…a book addict. (sigh)

    And what great pictures!…have you been to all of these? OMG…I would just go crazy!

    Thanks for the post, and visiting my little blog….

    • Dugutigui says:

      I also love public libraries, they are the most subversive institutions… you get a chair, take off the coat, open a book and forget the world again… although in recent years is the notion that libraries should be ‘responsive to their patrons’… Personally I bought countless books in my life – most second hand, but always present them when I just read them, even though sometimes I’ve got to buy some of them again to reread.
      I’ve been in some of the libraries above: El Escorial, Tweedy Kamer, Rijkmuseum, Joanina, Palacio da Ajuda, and Abbey St Gallen.
      Thanks for your comment!

  3. sjhigbee says:

    What a superb collection of libraries:)) Some truly beautiful and ornate examples… What a terrible shame that our public libraries here in the UK are now under attack by our Government:(

    • Dugutigui says:

      Libraries are raucous clubhouses for free speech, controversy and community. Sadly many governments find them a luxury in this pseudo-modern era which, at least so far, is a cultural desert.

  4. Me encantó el artículo, espero tengas una excelente semana estimado amigo Dugutigui..Saludos.!

  5. Chojesús says:

    Una entrada muy didáctica. Gracias por eso.
    Y una galería de fotografías increíbles.
    Me ha gustado mucho el conjunto.
    Un abrazo,

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